By encouraging the exfoliation of dead skin, salicylic acid renews the outer layer of skin and opens blocked hair follicles. It is also an effective treatment for acne.
salvia officinalis (sage) leaf extract
This plant-based astringent is obtained by steam distillation from the flowering tops of the Sage plant. The extract has anti-inflammatory effects that balances oily skin.
Also known as algae, this plant extract contains vitamins and minerals that help to soften and soothe the skin and antioxidants, which are thought to have anti aging properties.
simmondsia chinensis (jojoba) seed oil
This natural oil is extracted from the desert shrub simondsia chinensis. It is vital in helping to restore skin's natural lipid barrier, creating soft and supple skin.
A powerful moisturizing agent capable of binding 1,800 times its own weight in water, it forms a transparent moisture barrier on the skin to soothe and hydrate.
The outermost layer of the epidermis (skin). It is composed mainly of dead cells that lack nuclei. As dead cells slough off, they are continuously replaced by new cells. Cells of the stratum corneum contain keratin, a protein that helps keep the skin hydrated by preventing water evaporation. These cells can also absorb water, further aiding in hydration.